Stomping out ideas is hard. President Bush embarked on a Global War on Terror in pursuit of revenge for the al-Qa’eda attacks on the US on 11 September 2001. Twenty-two years on that unwinnable war has cost trillions of dollars, spread across Africa, led to US defeat in Afghanistan and certainly nothing that could be called victory in Iraq. Similarly, Israel’s response to the horrific 7 October 2023 attacks on communities in southern Israel has led to a months long bombing and ground invasion of the Gaza Strip under the promise of destroying Hamas as a military and governing entity. The massive death and destruction wreaked on Gaza shows little sign of ending, even as the popularity of Hamas seems to have grown in the West Bank and neighboring countries. There might not be much left of Gaza when the fighting dies down, but the resistance ideology of Hamas will live on.